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Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Tue Oct 01, 2019 4:30 pm
by madej
What can you say about the hallmark 76?


Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Wed Oct 02, 2019 12:29 am
by Qrt.S
Let's start with the 76-mark. If it supposed to express the silver fineness, it is an illegal finenessmark. In Russia was minimum fineness since 1798 84 zolotnik. This arises another question about the kokoshnik mark. It is not a stand alone mark and should be used only in connection with the oval right looking kokshnik hallmark with the assay cipher in it. Anyway, the kokoshnik on your object should show additional markings i.e. dot(s). Unfortunately your picture has the size of an mini ant.... You show a close up of the knob, why not show a similar close up of the marks? They are much more important than the knob.
But back to question: What to say about your object? The answer is: Problems if those are the only marks on the case!

Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Wed Oct 02, 2019 11:35 am
by madej
I know that since 1798 the minimum silver test is 84 zolotniki, as for the Kokosznik mark, I have no better picture but I can see that it is Moscow. The cigarette case is not a fake and the hallmark are also original which does not mean that they are legal. That is why I am asking if anyone has ever met with such a mark.


Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Wed Oct 02, 2019 12:07 pm
by Qrt.S
OK, it is Moscow if you see a dot behind the neck, but hallmarks were not punched on objects made in illegal fineness. Finally, yes, on fakes you can see whatever.. Moreover, the case is not necessarily a fake but something is wrong with the marking.

Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Wed Oct 02, 2019 5:50 pm
by AG2012
76x10.4 = 790.4 in metric fineness.
Three months after the outbreak of World War I, silver coins disappeared from circulation in Russia,
Difficulties with silver raw material affected all jewelry firms.
Even in Faberge workshops, wooden frames with silver ornaments were produced; by the end of 1916, the front panel on table clocks was made of precious wood with gold inlays.
Apparently some firms went the other way and began producing items of lower silver content.
On those items, which are considered uncommon,full assay office marks are often missing, which is very strange, and the fineness corresponds to foreign 800.Besides, all items made in 76 standard were of modest quality and design,indicating rapid decline, also seen in this cigarette case.
In my opinion it is an authentic item made at the dawn of revolution when Russia was already in chaos.

Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Thu Oct 03, 2019 12:54 am
by Qrt.S
Hmmmm...IF, a big if, we assume that AG2012's assumption would be correct, still there are problems.
1. The hallmarking is insufficient
2. There is no 76 zolotnik standard, never was in Russia. 78 (812,5/1000) zol. could have been accepted. An older monetary standard was set to 77 (1731), but 76????

Anyway, continuing the "assumption" allows us to assume that the maker's mark ПП could belong to Pyotr Petrovich Petrov, active in Moscow 1908-1917. That is undoubtedly on the doorstep to the Great War....I'm still skeptical...

Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Thu Oct 03, 2019 2:54 am
by Juke

To my knowledge the Russian hallmarking system consisted of the following silver standards:

- 84 standard introduced in May 1798 which is of course the most common
- then there was the 76 standard which was used from the turn of 18th/19th century (PL#10)
- then there was the higher grade standards 87, 88, 89, 90, 91 and 94. The higher ones for sterling standard.

There was also the praxis that on objects which might get broken with the hallmarkings only the oval kokoshnik with the standard was placed beside the makers mark.

Thereby I would consider that the hallmarking and the object to be authentic.


Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Thu Oct 03, 2019 10:46 am
by Qrt.S
There seems to be a minor disagreement going on. In order to settle it, in the following how it was according to regulations, edict, assay charters etc. as from 1711. But before that, silver fineness used in the 18th cent should not be compared with fineness used in the 20th cent. The time gap is up to 150 years and that is quite a long time. A lot of water has flown in river Jordan during those years....

Anyway, the first edict ordinates by Peter the Great in February 13, 1700. It establishes four silver "qualities". However, it is a bit unclear how they were defined. The edict of December 11, 1711 is clearer. It introduces three silver "standards:
1. Melted silver free of alloys (~99)
2. Yephimka, i.e. 82 zolotniks
3. Levkovoie, i.e. 62 zolotniks

In January 24, 1729 a new standard is implemented but only for monetary silver. It is 77 zolotniks. The levkovoie standard (62) is raised to 72 zolotniks. Later the 77 zol. will be substituted with 72 zolotniks. The standards mentioned above will be substituted to a minimum standard of 84 zolotniks in May 1, 1798. In March 31, 1847 a new edict is released. The silver standards are as from that date;still minimum 84, 88, 91. In addition, 94 for drawn or pressed silver and 94-96 for braid silver (whatever the two last ones actually mean?). These official standards are valid in imperial Russia until 1917. What happens after that is another story.

Of course it was not forbidden to use other unofficial silver fineness in Russia but not less than 84 zolotniks.

As to what is stated in Postnikova. It is the best book available for the moment but unfortunately it contains some "inefficiencies and frankly said errors too. I have registered close to 200 "inefficiencies etc.". Juke mentions #10 (76). It could be a mistake or a gold fineness. The gold fineness in 1718 was 75 zolotniks. The dating might be incorrect also. The official standards are still the above mentioned. Please note that the coin standards for both silver and gold differ a bit from the above mentioned standards, but coin standards should not be mixed with this.

The history is actually longer, but I cannot write a whole novel here...;-)

Re: Cigarette case hallmark

Posted: Thu Oct 03, 2019 12:13 pm
by AG2012
This set of marks appears on a cigarete case dated 1917.Remarked in Soviet era.

Common features on 76 items emerging on Russian forums: poor quality and made close or during WW I.
Anyway, assumption are poor method of judgement.