Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

Post by oel »

Box.1

Silver penny box.

Silver penny box of which the top and bottom are prints of a Dutch penny or so called silver ‘bezemstuiver’. The ‘bezemstuiver’ in English ‘broom penny’ got its nickname of the bundle of seven arrows, each arrow representing one of the seven united Dutch provinces of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, which lasted from 1588 till 1795 and followed by the French occupation till 1814.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Republic

The story behind the bundle of seven arrows; one arrow you can break with little force but a bundle of seven arrows does not break easily. Also it is important to know that the last ‘bezemstuivers’ in province Holland were stamped and issued not later than in the year 1764.

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This penny box with the prints of a bezemstuiver dated 1801 has been made to protest against the French occupation, political situation and longing back to the good old days of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, when trade flourished. The desire for a free republic under the authority of the Prince of Orange. So called Orangisten box.
The image of the coin was printed in plaster and the date altered. Perhaps in the future we will find a little silver guilder box with the print of a guilder dated 2012. Top cover of the box; 7 arrows with at one side I(Roman) and other side S (stuiver) and bottom; Hollandia 1801

Hallmarks of the Kingdom of Holland 1807-1812, a puppet kingdom set up by Napoleon Bonaparte and later in 1810 annexed to The First French Empire.


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The hallmarks; shield with three Andreas crosses or office mark for Amsterdam. The date letter; the square shield with rounded corners with the letter a; for 1807+1808. The standard mark; I0 in a rectangle for; 10 penningen or 833,3 fineness ( 2nd standard or ‘kleine keur’).
Makers’ mark vlammend hart-flaming heart for; Dirk Goedhart, 1782-1816, known for small silver work like silver loderein boxes and needle boxes.



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We also can find an import and duty mark of the French Empire 1809-1819.


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The small &=ET= Etranger=foreign. This mark also used as tax free census mark, without guarantee on the standard of fineness. This mark also occurs rather frequently on objects bearing the older marks of Dutch guilds and the duty marks of the Kingdom of Holland, and the 1807-1812 Kingdom of Holland proper hallmarks.
Sizes of penny box; 2 cm/0.787 inches high and 2 cm /0.787inches diameter. Weight 10 grams/0.353 ounces.



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Oel.
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

Post by user701 »

Very interesting read, thanks for sharing.
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

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Indeed very interesting. Thanks!
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

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Another example, this time with a date of 1815:

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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

Post by oel »

Hi Trev, thank you very much.

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Your image clearly shows the sword-mark used 1814-1905.

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The deformed/worn maker's mark could be JVH above two (small) fishes for; Johannes van Hoek, registered in Amsterdam 1813-1847, this particular lozenge mark used 1813-1820. In 1820 Johannes registered his maker's mark JVH under a fish in a square.
https://rkd.nl/nl/explore/artists/498809
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With the year 1815, the desire was expressed for the time before the unification with Belgium. Between 1815 and 1830 Belgium and the Netherlands formed one country, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, but this came to an end after the Belgian Revolution.
Source; Nederlands klein Zilver B.W.G. Wttewaall



Peter
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

Post by dognose »

Hi Peter,

Many thanks for the information.

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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

Post by oel »

Dirk Goedhart, registered silversmith 1782-1816, maker's mark heart-flaming. Born in Gouda 1755, married in 1786 to Steventje Pansier. Died after 1816. Maker of small silver items; stamped/embossed loderein boxes, small snuff boxes and needle cases. From 1812 he is also mentioned as a travelling merchant in gold and silverware, he ceases workshop and trade in 1816.
Below the maker's marks used by Dirk Goedhart;
1.) from 1782, during the Dutch Republic (The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands) and the Batavian Republic (French occupation) till 1807.
2.) During the Kingdom of Holland ( French occupation) 1806-1812
3.) During occupation French Empire( 1812- end 1813) and Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815-present.

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In 1816, the year Dirk Goedhart died, 61 years old, he registered a square maker's mark. The lozenge maker's marks were according the French law and after Napoleo's defeat in 1813, by Dutch governmental service order January 1814, it has been decided that new maker's marks must henceforward be perfectly square. Maker's marks of the French type may remain in use until worn out.


The loderein boxes made by Dirk show various decorations, are it simple nice scenes or is there more to it? Let us use our imagination and try to get a bit more joy out of those little loderein boxes. For the fun of it.

Box 2.)

Patriotic box
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Year made 1789 during time of the Dutch Republic. Weight 20 gram, height 3.3cm, width 3cm.
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The United Provinces of the Netherlands, or United Provinces (officially the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands), commonly referred to in historiography as the Dutch Republic, was a federal republic which existed from 1588 (during the Dutch Revolt) to 1795 (the Batavian Revolution). It was a predecessor state of the Netherlands and the first fully independent Dutch nation state.

The lid shows the Dutch Maiden. In her hand she holds a spear with the freedom hat on it. Next to her is the lion rampant with the sword in the right leg. The Maiden, who symbolizes vulnerability. The hat on the pole is the freedom hat and indicates that the raised Dutch Lion guards liberated territory (from Spain). On the lid we can read the Dutch word Voor is For meaning; Pro Patria or For Fatherland/For one’s Country

A bit of Dutch history. William V (Willem Batavus; 8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) was a prince of Orange and the last stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795.
The princes of Orange of the House of Orange-Nassau, beginning with William the Silent (1533-1584), were chosen as stadtholders of most of the provinces. Zeeland and usually Utrecht had the same stadtholder as Holland. Until the "Stadholderless" period 1653-1672
When the Anglo-Dutch wars begin, in 1652, five of the seven United Provinces have no one in position as stadholder. Part of the reason is that the head of the house of Orange, the traditional holder of the office, is a one-year-old infant, the future William III. But the office itself is also the subject of political debate."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadtholder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sta ... ess_period

There was a constant power struggle between the Orangists, who supported the stadtholders and specifically the princes of Orange, and the Republicans, who supported the States General and hoped to replace the semi-hereditary nature of the stadtholdership with a true republican structure.
In the history of the Dutch Republic, Orangism or prinsgezindheid ("pro-prince stance") was a political force opposing the Staatsgezinde (pro-Republic) party. Orangists supported the Princes of Orange as Stadtholders (a position held by members of the House of Orange) and military commanders of the Republic, as a check on the power of the Regents.  The Orangist party drew its adherents largely from traditionalists – mostly farmers, soldiers, noblemen and orthodox Catholic and Protestant preachers, though its support fluctuated heavily over the course of the Republic's history and there were never clear-cut socioeconomic divisions.
In the second half of the 18th century the anti-Orangist party became known as the Patriots. These Patriots strongly opposed both the William V the Prince of Orange, and the British connection. Many of their numbers were drawn from those with commercial and maritime interests who saw Britain as a natural rival of the Dutch, and generally supported the French. At the end of the eighteenth century, the patriots want power to return to the people, as it should be in a republic. They are for democratization and fair representation of the people. They are inspired by the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), in which patriotic Americans turned their backs on British rule. A revolution is also underway in France, in which the people revolt against the monarchy. At various times the Princes of Orange tried to counter this by moving closer or further away from the British alliance. Events came to a head in the period 1785–1787, when most of the dictatorial powers of the stadtholder were taken away by the Patriots. The patriots conquer more and more cities and the associated urban administration. Every 'liberated' city gets a Freedom Tree or freedom temple in the city canter. In the provinces of Holland, Utrecht, Overijssel, Groningen and Brabant, the patriots come to power, while the Orangists rule in Zeeland, Gelderland and Friesland. This crisis of authority is the greatest threat to the survival of the Republic. However, Anglo-Prussian military intervention in the Prussian invasion of Holland of 1787 gave the upper hand to the Orangists, who drove their Patriot opponents into exile. The powers of the stadtholder were now enshrined in the so-called Act of Guarantee of 1788, and guaranteed by Britain and Prussia "in perpetuity." Perpetuity and in this case lasted seven years.
William V joined the First Coalition against Republican France in 1793 with the coming of the French Revolution. His troops fought bravely in the Flanders Campaign, but in 1794 the military situation deteriorated and the Dutch Republic was threatened by invading armies. The year 1795 was a disastrous one for the ancien régime of the Netherlands. Supported by the French Army, the patriots (revolutionaries ) returned from Paris to fight in the Netherlands, and in 1795 William V went into exile in England. A few days later the Batavian Revolution occurred, and the Dutch Republic was replaced with the Batavian Republic.
Source; Wikipedia

The patriots often spread their ideas through cartoons, just like the Orangists, the supporters of the van Oranje-Nassau family. They fight it out with each other through these pamphlets and prints. It may be the first time that the media has played such a major role in a conflict. Not only political ideals are discussed, but also, for example, the extramarital affair of Willem V.
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In 1786 the patriotic publisher Jan Verlem in Amsterdam published the cartoon Het Geldersche zwyn, accompanied by an eighteen-line poem. On this we see a pig with the head of Stadholder Willem V, which drinks from a trough marked 'Boergonie', a reference to the Burgundy wine with which this trough is filled. With its right hind leg the pig stands on a paper that reads 'Stad en Burger Regten', with its right front leg on a document with the inscription 'The Union', which he also pisses. By depicting Willem V here as a pig, which is also pissing on the rights of the citizen and feasting on a large amount of wine, he is attacked and brought down in an unprecedented way.
Source; Onder het mom van satire. Laster, spot en ironie in Nederland, 1780-1800 Nieuwenhuis, I.B

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Keeshond (spitz)
The keeshond – in uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder – is a reference to the patriots. Kees was a nickname, but the patriots also used it as a nickname themselves.
Source; Collectie Stadsarchief Amsterdam


The decoration on box.
Below a vigilant patriot
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Above a flute playing patriot next to the Tree of Liberty; to dance to a person’s pipe/piping/whistle/tune(s).
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Here we see very subtle “William V “depicted as a pig, next to a swineherd. William V was fond of busty women and had many mistresses.
Below the patriot woman, with the harvest in basket and relaxing Keeshond.

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Combined town mark Amsterdam and year letter E for 1789.
Second standard silver 833/000

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Flaming heart for Dirk Goedhart.

Source: W. Koonings De keuring van goud en zilver tijdens het Koninkrijk Holland, Waarborgholland, ˜Netherlands' Responsibility Marks since 1797

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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam Dutch silver coin box

Post by oel »

Box.3)

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Lady Justice (Latin: Iustitia)
Loderein box, on the lid "Justice ( Latin Iustitia), as a naked woman with sword and scales”.

Lady picks fruit
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Good harvest
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Man carries a large bowl full of apples and pears
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Happy (intoxicated) man with drink (cup and pitcher) in both hands
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On the box reference to apples & pears. In paradise, the apple gave Adam and Eve knowledge of good and evil. In Christian symbolism, the apple was often associated with the Virgin Mary, adopted from the matriarchal mother religions. But soon the apple took on a negative meaning as a symbol of sin and temptation because the patriarchal prelates wanted it that way. The white goddess of the ancient religions turned into the treacherous, naïve, seductive Eve, who dared to break God's command and eat of the Tree of Good and Evil. From this was derived the Latin saying 'malum e malo' which means 'evil came from the apple or the apple picked by Eve brought us all misery.'
The apple is the fruit of love, fertility, the apple was also associated with the female bosom. The sweet pear desire for sexual contact, lust. A basket and bowl full of apples and pears; excess that quickly perishes. The dancing man with cup and jug; gluttony. Above all this stands Iustitia for justice and is strongly connected to God. It touches on the underlying deeper dimension and intentions of the law. It holds up to us as human beings an ethical-religious mirror for our actions and refers in a social ethical sense to what the law tries to formulate and guarantee: a just society.

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Loderein box Dirk Goedhart, Amsterdam ( combined town mark and year letter) N for 1796, flowery V later duty mark, used 1814-1831. Maker's mark flaming hart. 2nd Standard silver 833/000, Weight 18 gram. Height 3.3 cm, width 3 cm
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Source; Stem der Bomen .nl, Wikipedia


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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Box .4)

Loderein box in the shape of a cabinet

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Loderein box in the shape of a cabinet. On the curved lid we see John the Baptist (c. 1st century BC – c. AD 30). John the Baptist was an itinerant preacher, active in the area of Jordan River in the early 1st century AD. He is also known as John the Forerunner in Christianity, John the Immerser in some Baptist Christian traditions, and Prophet Yahya in Islam. He is sometimes alternatively referred to as John the Baptizer. He baptized people with water to cleanse them from sin. Early on, John the Baptist went into the desert as a hermit, where he fed on locusts and wild honey. He passed through the land to announce the coming of the Messiah and baptized people in the Jordan. This was probably a purification ritual with possibly an older use, going back to Roman times.
John did not consider himself worthy to even fasten Jesus' shoe strap, yet one day Jesus stood before him with a request to be baptized. After recognizing Jesus, John initially refused, but eventually baptism followed. Then follows a heavenly voice that proclaims Jesus son of God. A descending Dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit.
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According to the New Testament, Herod Antipas, ruler of Galilee under the Roman Empire, had imprisoned John the Baptist because he had publicly reproved Herod for divorcing his first wife and unlawfully taking as second wife his niece Herodias. He then ordered him to be killed by beheading. John the Baptist is one of the greatest saints of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.
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At the cabinet site we see Five tulips; 5 is an important number in the bible with many symbolic meanings and mentions, the Tulip; the sign of perfect love, of success but also the flower of prayer.
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On the back garlands with Madonna lilies, typical Mary flowers and a symbol of beauty, fertility and wealth; He dat is een lief presentie /Hey that's a sweet present.


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Loderein box Dirk Goedhart, Amsterdam 1792, year letter H, Crowned O(nbelast) duty free mark used 1807. Maker's mark flaming hart. Hinged lid, gilded inside. Weight 21 gram. Height 4,4 cm, width 3,2 cm, deep 2,3 cm

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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Box .5)

Loderein box in the shape of a cabinet
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This box made by Goedhart is also the form of a cabinet. On the curved lid we see the Tree of Life, universally seen as a symbol for the ties between heaven and earth (branches and roots), a man dancing with Father Time, yes time flies, we have to invest wisely during our short life on earth. Like in a dairy cow above it an owl, the owl stands for wisdom, knowledge, change, transformation, intuitive development and trust in the mystery.
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On the back man & woman in carriage with horse in a (virgin) laurel wreath; symbol for a married couple and the purity of marriage.
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On the side a milkmaid with yoke, the reward of 'milking', milking is an old term for making love. An image of a milkmaid could therefore have two meanings.
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On the other side we see a woman making butter; symbol of prosperity and happiness. Without milking no happiness.


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Hallmarks Kingdom of Holland, assay office/town mark of Amsterdam, year letter b for 1809, number 10 in rectangle for 10 penningen, standard mark for silver 833/000, maker's mark flaming heart for Dirk Goedhart. Weight 22 gram, height 4.5 cm, width 3.2 cm, depth 2 cm.
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Box .6)
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Sebald Beham: „Der verlorene Sohn hütet die Schweine“, 1538 Copperplate print, 5.8 x 9.7 cm. From the series „Der Verlorene Sohn“ (The prodigal son)
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The swineherd praying at the pig trough
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The younger son asked for his inheritance (share of his father's estate) and the father hands the younger son a money bag.
The son indulges in extravagant living.
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Below the prodigal son; Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son
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The images on this box probably refer to Luke 15 11-32. The parable of the Prodigal Son is found in Luke 15:11-32.
Jesus told the Prodigal Son story in response to the Pharisees' complaint: "This man welcomes sinners and eats with them" (Luke 15:2).
The parable begins with a man who had two sons, and the younger of them asks his father to give him his share of the estate. The implication is the son could not wait for his father's death for his inheritance, he wanted it immediately. The father agrees and divides his estate between both sons. Upon receiving his portion of the inheritance, the younger son travels to a distant country, where he indulges in extravagant living. It's implied that he drinks, gambles, and sleeps with prostitutes, during this time. However, it isn't long before he has exhausted all his money, and immediately thereafter, a famine strikes the land; leaving him desperately poor. He is forced to take work as a swineherd (which would have been abhorrent to Jesus' Jewish audience, who considered swine unclean animals) where he reaches the point of envying the food of the pigs he is tending to. At this time, he finally comes to his senses.


And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him.— Luke 15:17–20, KJV

This implies the father was hopefully watching for the son's return.

The son starts his rehearsed speech, admitting his sins, and declaring himself unworthy of being his father's son, but in most versions of Luke, the son does not even finish, before his father accepts him back wholeheartedly without hesitation[5] as the father calls for his servants to dress the son in the finest robe available, get a ring for his finger, and sandals for his feet, and to slaughter the "fatted calf" for a celebratory meal.
The older son, who was at work in the fields, hears the sound of celebration, and is told by a fellow servant about the return of his younger brother. He is not impressed, and becomes angry. He also has a speech for his father: And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends: but as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
— Luke 15:29–30, KJV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parable_o ... odigal_Son


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Town mark Amsterdam, combined year letter Z(?) for 1784 or E(?) for 1789, maker's mark flaming heart Dirk Goedhart




Dimensions: height 31 mm, width 28.5 mm and length 28.5 mm.
Weight: 17.5 grams



Peter.

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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Box.7)
Patriotic box
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The lid shows dairy cows or cow and bull symbolic for the Dutch Republic.
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On the sites we see a vigilant patriot, a flute playing patriot next to the Tree of Liberty, a female swineherd and the patriot woman with basket. Amsterdam town hallmark with year letter N from 1796. Height 35 mm.
See box 2.)

Prince William V / Stadholder William V was immensely wealthy and spent a lot of money on the renovation of, among other things, the government complex Het Binnenhof, Palace Noordeinde and Palace Huis ten Bosch. He also possessed many art and curiosities, which he exhibited to the public in 1774 in the painting gallery at Het Binnenhof. That was unique at the time and it was actually the first museum in the Netherlands. The Prince William V Gallery is now part of the Mauritshuis and shares its entrance with the Gevangenpoort in The Hague.
https://www.gevangenpoort.nl/en/about-t ... the-museum
The famous painting of Paul Potter's Bull was one of the well-known works owned by William V and shown at his gallery. This painting was later taken to the Louvre by Napoleon. In 1815 it was brought back to the Netherlands and today it can be viewed in the Mauritshuis.

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The Dairy Cow: The Dutch Provinces, Revolting against the Spanish King Philip II, Are Led by Prince William of Orange, The Dutch States General Entreat Queen Elizabeth I for Aid
The Milk Cow, satirical performance about the political position of the Netherlands, probably after an unknown English print. The Netherlands, symbolized by a cow, is ridden by Philip II, King of Spain. Elisabeth I, Queen of England, gives the cow food and drink. William I, Prince of Orange, lies under the cow and drinks from the udder while the Duke of Anjou is allowed to hold the tail of the cow and his hand being farted on. In the background a group of nobles watches.


Peter.

Source/images; Haffmans antiek.
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Re: Dirk Goedhart Amsterdam maker of small Dutch silver boxes

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Box. 8)

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On the lid we see a man and woman, in Roman garb, shake hands over the altar with two flaming hearts. Symbolic for marriage. The purity of marriage. Dirk Goedhart year letter for 1784
On the sites we see The fruits of Marriage; Lady picks fruit, man carries a large bowl full of apples and pears, a happy (intoxicated) man with drink (cup and pitcher) in both hands, good harvest.
See; Box.3) for more information.

Box. 9)


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On the lid we see The Divine Mother, Love of the mother, Through love.
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On the lid and sites we see the rewards, harvest and picking the fruits, and the joy made by Dirk Goedhart, Amsterdam, 1786.
See; Box.3) for more information



Box. 10)

Silver scent box in cabinet shape with on the back the text "Een schoon kabinet en datt present/A nice cabinet and got that gift." On the double curved lid a young woman fishing .

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Angling girl symbolic; would like to catch a man, fishing for love, like we say; He dat is een lief presentie /Hey that's a sweet present
NB. Boxes with a double curved lid are rare.

See; Box .4) for more information.

Peter,
Source/images; Marktplaats/Haffmans antiek/Catawiki
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